Table of Contents

Isle of Man

Table of Contents

Currency

Manx Pound (IMP) (rate is equivalent to to that of British Pound sterling)

Payroll Frequency

Monthly

Employer Taxes

0 - 12.8%

About Isle of Man

The Isle of Man is a self-governing British Crown Dependency located in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland. Known for its stunning natural landscapes and rich history, the Isle of Man offers a unique blend of ancient heritage and modern charm. The island is famous for the annual Isle of Man TT (Tourist Trophy) motorcycle races, drawing motorcycle enthusiasts from around the world to witness the thrilling races on its challenging mountainous terrain.

Employment Relationship

• Permanent Employment

In the Isle of Man, open-ended employment contracts are considered to be permanent. There is no fixed termination date. Such employment contracts are terminated by providing notice. Permanent employees may work full-time or part-time. An employment contract must specify the type of employment: permanent or fixed-term.

• Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts

Fixed-term contracts are created for a limited period of time and terminated on a fixed date or on completion of a specific task. Fixed-term employees cannot be hired for jobs of a permanent nature. The law does not specify a limit on the duration of fixed-term contracts. Moreover, fixed-term contracts can be renewed. Fixed-term employees must not be treated less favorably than permanent employees. 

• Temporary Employment Contratcs

In the Isle of Man, employers can hire temporary employees from employment agencies under a 3-way employment contract. Such employees are engaged by an employment agency and are sent to work for the agency's clients. The employer who hires such services pays a fee to the agency. The agency is responsible for paying employees. Agency workers have the same rights as other employees employed directly by the employer. Employers hiring agency workers from must provide those workers with information on any special occupational qualifications or skills necessary for them to carry out their work safely, and any health surveillance that is legally required. Employers can also hire workers for short-term temporary contracts on an intermittent basis.

Probationary Period

Employment contracts in the Isle of Man can include a probationary period. There is no statutory limit on the duration of probationary periods. Probationary period must be included in the written statement or contract of employment. An employee's contract may be terminated without notice during the first month of their job.

Working Hours

There are no statutory provisions regarding working hours. Employment agreements determine working hours and rest breaks. There are restrictions on working hours for young workers under 16 years of age and shop workers. Young employees cannot be employed for more than 28 hours a week, 2 hours a day on school days, and 7 hours a day on non-school days. The maximum working hours of shop workers are 10 hours a day or 44 hours a week.

Holidays / PTO

• Statutory Holidays

• Paid Annual Leave

All employees over the age of 16 years are entitled to 4 weeks' paid annual leave in the Isle of Man. A week's leave allows an employee to be away from work for a week. It is the same amount of time as the working week for the employee. There is no qualifying period for this entitlement. The leave accumulates at the rate of 1/12th of the annual entitlement per month in the first year of employment. If an employee has availed themselves of sick leave for more than 26 weeks in a year, their entitlement to annual leave is reduced proportionately.  There are no provisions for carrying over statutory annual leave to the next year or for payment in lieu of unused leave, except in the case of employment termination, where an employer must pay compensation for unused leave.

• Sick Leave

In the Isle of Man, employees can take sick leave for up to 26 weeks in a year without impact on their annual leave entitlement. If the duration of sick leave exceeds 26 weeks, entitlement to annual leave is reduced proportionately.  The Social Security Division pays sick leave benefits (incapacity benefits). Benefits are paid to insured people under retirement age who become sick and are unable to work. The first 3 days are unpaid, then the short-term rate is paid for 52 weeks, and the long-term rate after that. Any claims for more than 14 days must be supported with a medical certificate. Employers may also pay sick pay to their employees. 

• Maternity Leave

All employees are eligible for an unpaid ordinary maternity leave of 26 weeks, including 2 weeks of compulsory leave after childbirth. Employees must inform their employers of their maternity leave at least 15 weeks before the expected delivery date and submit a related medical certificate. If they have been continuously employed for 26 weeks at the beginning of the 14th week before their expected delivery date, employees can also be eligible for an additional 26 weeks of unpaid maternity leave, to be taken immediately after the end of their ordinary maternity leave. Employees who earn at least IMP 30 (Manx pounds) per week are eligible to claim maternity allowance from the Social Security Division for up to 39 weeks, starting no earlier than 11 weeks from the delivery date. This allowance is paid as 90% of the employee's weekly earnings, limited to a maximum of IMP 210 per week. Employees have the right to return to the job they held before their leave. Refusal to allow an employee to return to work after maternity leave constitutes dismissal and is automatically unfair. 

• Paternity Leave

Employees in the Isle of Man are entitled to take up to 2 weeks' unpaid paternity leave upon a child's birth. The leave must be taken within 56 weeks of the birth. Employees must inform their employers of their intention to take paternity leave by the 15th week before the baby is due.  To be eligible for leave, employees must be either the biological father of the child or the mother's husband or partner (including a same-sex partner). Additionally, they must have worked for the employer for 26 weeks prior to the 15th week before the baby is due. The Social Security Division pays paternity allowance to employees eligible for paternity leave at the maximum rate of IMP 210 (Manx pounds) per week. 

Termination of Employment

• Notice Period

In the Isle of Man, when an employee has worked continuously for at least 1 month, both the employer and the employee must provide a minimum statutory notice period to terminate the contract. The notice period ranges from 1 week to 12 weeks for employers and from 1 week to 4 weeks for employees. Employees are entitled to all contractual benefits and payments during the notice period.  An employer or employee is not required to give the minimum notice if the other party's conduct amounts to contract termination (for example, gross misconduct, incompetence, or breach of contract). An employer can pay the employee in lieu of notice if the contract specifically provides for payment in lieu of notice with agreement from the employee.

• Severance Benefits

There are no statutory provisions for severance pay. Employment contracts can include provisions for termination pay. The law provides for a redundancy payment when an employee is made redundant after at least 2 years of employment. The redundancy payment is calculated as 1 week's pay for each year of employment. If the employer fails to make statutory redundancy payments to employees, payment can be made by the Manx National Insurance Fund to employees who fulfill certain conditions. The government also provides support for redundancy payments to small employers with less than 40 employees.