Table of Contents

Burkina Faso

Table of Contents


West African CFA franc (XOF)

Payroll Frequency


Employer Taxes


About Burkina Faso

Formerly known as Upper Volta, Burkina Faso gained its name from combining Burkina meaning “free man” and Faso, “land.” Two well-known aspects of the country’s culture are masks and dancing. The masks are used in performing rites and rituals as part of worshipping their gods in the village. Different dances are used to show people that the spirits have blessed the village.

The economy of Burkina Faso relies mainly on agriculture with industry and services making up a smaller fraction of their productivity. A banking industry also plays a key role in enhancing the economic growth of the country. The industry is highly concentrated with only three banks holding 60% of its total financial sector. Although most of its citizens are yet to benefit from the gains made, good macroeconomic management with huge gold and cotton exports have ensured growth in the country at a rate of 5% over the last five years. Unfortunately, it does still have a relatively weak legal system, making it hard to protect personal property.

Employment Relationship

• Permanent Employment

A contract with no specific term, a permanent contract may be ended "at will" by either party as long as it is provided in writing. Workers in Burkina Faso are considered to be employed under a permanent labor contract when no terms have been set for the work being performed. 

• Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts

Fixed-term contracts may be used for situations of fixed duration or when the exact end date may not be known in advance. A fixed-term contract must be in writing and may not exceed three years; otherwise, it is considered an open-ended contract.

• Temporary Employment Contratcs

In Burkina Faso’s labor code, there is no documented limit for the duration of temporary employment contracts. A temporary work contractor serves as intermediate employment for an individual employee in an organization. 

Probationary Period

The probationary period may be renewed once and for the same duration which varies according to the category of workers: 8 days for workers with fixed hourly wages 1 month for employees other than executives 3 months for executive employees (executives, supervisors, technicians and similar staff)

Working Hours

In Burkina Faso, the regular working hours are 40 hours a week. This regulation applies to all legal work assigned to employees or unskilled workers, male or female, of any age, working temporarily, by task or by piece in public or private institutions. In the farms, the work hours are 2,400 hours the year.

Holidays / PTO

• Statutory Holidays

Burkina Faso celebrates the following national holidays: New Year’s Day – January 1  Anniversary of the 1966 coup d’état (Revolution Day) – January 3 International Women’s Day –  March 8 Labor Day – May 1 Independence Day – August 5 Assumption – August 15 All Saints Day – November 1  Proclamation of the Republic – December 11 Christmas – December 25 Easter Monday – date subject to change every year Ascension Day – date subject to change every year Ramadan – date subject to change every year Day of Tabaski – date subject to change every year Maouloud – date subject to change every year

• Paid Annual Leave

Employees are entitled to 30 days of paid annual leave, accrued at the rate of 2.5 days per month.

• Sick Leave

Employees are entitled to sick leave as follows: For less than 1 year of service, the paid sick leave is 2 months (1 month with full pay and the next month on half pay) For 1 to 5 years of service, the paid sick leave is 4 months (1 month with full pay and the next 3 months on half pay) For six to 10 years of service, the paid sick leave is 5 months (2 months with full pay and 3 months on half pay) For 11 to 15 years of service, the paid sick leave is 6 months (3 months on full pay and 3 months on half pay) For more than 15 years of service, the paid sick leave is 8 months (4 months on full pay and 4 months on half pay)

• Maternity Leave

Maternity leave is for fully paid by the employer and Social Security System for up to 14 weeks. The leave starts at the earliest at eight weeks and the latest four weeks prior to the expected date of delivery, regardless of whether the child was born alive or not. The employer cannot, even with the worker’s agreement, employ the woman during the first six weeks after childbirth. Maternity leave can be extended by three weeks in case of complications related to pregnancy or confinement.

• Paternity Leave

The Inter-professional collective agreement of 1974 provides three days of paid paternity leave on the birth of a child. The labor code provides for 10 days of paid exceptional leave in case of family events. 

Termination of Employment

• Notice Period

In Burkina Faso, the notice period is as follows:  8 days for workers paid on an hourly or daily basis 3 months for executives, supervisors, engineers, technicians and similar workers 1 month for all other workers paid on a monthly basis Group dismissals or layoffs require a minimum 30-day notice period. In such situations, the labor code requires that employees with the lowest level of skills and experience, and those hired last to be dismissed first. If the economic situation for a company improves within a 2-year period, released employees must be rehired.

• Severance Benefits

Grounds for justified dismissal, which must be made in writing, include gross negligence, theft, or intentional damage to company property. Dismissal for all other reasons incurs mandatory severance payments. A worker is entitled to severance pay upon continuous employment for at least 1 year without any serious misconduct. Severance is not due if the employee permanently ceases service in order to benefit from the statutory retirement allowance. Severance pay corresponds to a percentage of the overall monthly wages per year of service, pro-rated, as follows: 25% per year for the first five years 30% per year for the subsequent five years 40% per year after the tenth year