Table of Contents

Fiji

Table of Contents

Currency

Fijian Dollar (FJD)

Payroll Frequency

Monthly

Employer Taxes

7%

About Fiji

The archipelago of Fiji contains almost 300 islands in the Pacific, amongst which only 100 are inhabited. Most of its lands were created through volcanic activity about 150 million years ago. Fiji gained its independence from Great Britain in 1970 and has had a mixture of authoritarian and democratic rule since then. With a fairly developed economy, Fiji relies primarily on tourism and the sugar industry for its income. With a pleasant climate and minimal extremes in temperature, Fiji attracts a significant number of tourists with its white sand beaches and beautiful islands. The majority of their tourists come from Australia, New Zealand, the United States and China. Although the majority of its population is comprised of native Fijians, the second largest ethnic group is Indo-Fijians, descendants of laborers who were brought over from India by the British, although there continue to be tensions between the two ethnic groups. The three official languages are English, iTaukei (Fijian) and (Fiji) Hindi.

Employment Relationship

• Permanent Employment

All employment contracts are deemed to be made for the period by reference to which wages are payable (monthly, fortnightly, weekly, or daily), not exceeding monthly. Employment contracts made for an indefinite period are considered permanent. Contracts that are made expressly to not be renewed are indefinite term contracts. Such contracts can be terminated by either party by giving a notice.

• Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts

Fiji allows employment contracts to be made for a fixed duration or for a fixed task that are specified to be non-renewable. If a contract continues after its term it is considered to be renewed. There is no maximum limit on the duration of contracts.

• Temporary Employment Contratcs

Employers can use employment agencies to hire temporary employees. Employers (users) must inform the agency of their terms and conditions of the job offered and conclude a written agreement with the temporary employee. Such employees are paid by the agency they are hired from. The agency must ensure that they are not paid less than the employer's regular employees for similar work. All agencies must maintain records showing the names, address, identity card number, qualifications, and job experiences of applicants. Records must be retained for at least 6 years.  It is prohibited to hire temporary employees to replace striking employees.

Probationary Period

The Employment Relations Act of Fiji does not cover probationary period. It can be determined in an individual employment contract.

Working Hours

The standard hours of work must not exceed 48 hours per week for those working 6 days a week or 45 hours per week for those working 5 days a week. This condition does not apply to employees in managerial or executive positions.  Children under 18 cannot be employed for more than 8 hours in a day and be given at least 30 minutes paid rest for every continuous 4 hours worked. They cannot be employed during school hours.  

Holidays / PTO

• Statutory Holidays

• Paid Annual Leave

All employees are entitled to paid annual leave of ten days after a year of employment. Wages for annual leave must be paid in advance. Employees are not entitled to annual leave if they are absent for more than 20 days in a year, except where the absence is due to sickness certified by a medical practitioner.   Annual leave can be taken all at once or can be broken in 2 or more periods, 1 of which must be a continuous period of 1 week. Employees can also be paid in lieu of their annual leave with consent of their employer. Annual leave can also be deferred and accumulated for a period of 4 years, provided that at least 1 week's leave is taken in each year. Employees whose contract is terminated before utilizing their annual leave must be paid a sum of five-sixths of a day's wage for each day of unused annual leave.  

• Sick Leave

Employees who have worked for at least 3 months with the same employer are entitled to paid sick leave of at least 10 days in a year. To avail sick leave, employees must notify their employer as soon as reasonably possible and produce a written certificate signed by a registered medical practitioner, if requested by the employer. Sick leave cannot be accumulated and unused sick leave for each year automatically lapses in the next year.  

• Maternity Leave

Female employees in Fiji are entitled to 98 consecutive days paid maternity leave. For first 3 births, the leave is paid at 100% of the employee's remuneration. For the fourth and subsequent births, the leave is paid at 50% of the remuneration.  Maternity leave can start at any time before or after delivery, provided the employee informs her employer of her leave dates and provides a medical certificate. Employees must be employed for at least 150 days during the 9 months before the birth of the child to be eligible for paid maternity leave.  After maternity leave, employees must be appointed to the same or equivalent position held earlier. No employee must be terminated from employment on the ground of pregnancy. If, after 3 months from the expiration of her maternity leave, a woman remains absent from work, her employer can give her notice of termination. 

• Paternity Leave

Employees whose partner is on maternity leave are entitled to paid paternity leave of 5 days, provided that they are the primary caregiver of the child and submit a certificate from a medical practitioner stating the expected date of birth of the child. The leave is fully paid for the first 3 births and is paid at 50% for the fourth and subsequent births. Paternity leave can only be taken 3 months before or after birth. Employees must have worked for the same employer for at least 3 months to be eligible for paid paternity leave. 

Termination of Employment

• Notice Period

Employers in Fiji are required to give notice to terminate an employee in writing, in the absence of a specific agreement, as follows: If the contract period is less than 1 week – no notice is required. If the contract period is 1 week or more but less than 2 weeks or where wages are paid weekly or at intervals of more than a week but less than a fortnight – 7 days notice is required If the contract period is a fortnight or more but less than a month or where wages are paid fortnightly or at intervals of more than a fortnight but less than a month – 14 days notice is required If the contract period is 1 month or wages are paid monthly – 1 month notice is required. Employees can be summarily dismissed for lawful reasons without notice. 

• Severance Benefits

Employers must give redundancy pay to employees in case of dismissals for economic, technological or business-related reasons. Employees who have worked for more than 1 year are eligible for this payment. The amount of pay is 1 week's pay for each complete year of service with the employer. Employers can also pay more if they so wish.