If you are considering starting a business in Poland but are not sure how to go about it, understanding all the essential steps about initiating a Polish entrepreneurial venture will help youget the ball rolling.

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Poland Geography, Politics, Economy, and Culture

Poland is an Eastern European country, neighboring Germany, Ukraine Russia, and others. Its capital city is Warsaw, considered by many to be a shopping destination for tourists. Poland’s political and economic disagreements with the European Union have resulted in a standoff between the two entities. This tension is believed to result from reforms undertaken by Poland consolidating powers including controlling the judiciary, and the media. The reforms give the government control of the judiciary (including the right to appoint judges) as well as control of the media.

Controlling independent functions of the government such as the judiciary goes against the ideals of democracy espoused by the European Union, thus forcing it to intervene, resulting in constant demonstrations by its people and human rights organizations. Poland has a rich cultural heritage, with many fun quirks such as brightly colored traditional police uniforms which are worn for special occasions. Polish is their primary national language while Christianity is the main religion.

April 4Easter Sunday
April 5Easter Monday
May 1Labor Day / May Day
May 3Constitution Day
May 23Whit Sunday
June 3Corpus Christi
August 15Assumption of Mary
November 1All Saints’ Day
November 11Independence Day
December 25Christmas Day
December 26Second Day of Christmas
  • jednoosobowa działalność gospodarcza
  • p.p. (przedsiębiorstwo państwowe)
  • S.A. (spółka akcyjna)
  • s.c. (spółka cywilna)
  • S.K.A. (spółka komandytowo-akcyjna)
  • sp.j. (spółka jawna)
  • sp.k. (spółka komandytowa)
  • sp.p. (spółka partnerska)
  • Sp. z o.o. (spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością)
  • Spółdzielnia
  • Corporate Tax: 19% (9% for small taxpayer, those with revenue in a given tax year not exceeding the equivalent of €1.2 million and that have “small taxpayer” status)
  • Income Tax (Lowest Marginal Rate): 17% (minus varying deduction)
  • Income Tax (Highest Marginal Rate): 32% (or optional 19% flat rate for self-employed)
  • VAT/GST/Sales Tax: 23% (standard rate), 8% or 5% (reduced rates)
  • Alior Bank S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • BNP PARIBAS BANK POLSKA SA (Commercial Bank)
  • BPI Bank Polskich Inwestycji S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • BRE Bank Hipoteczny SA (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank BGŻ BNP Paribas S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank BPH (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank DnB NORD Polska SA (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank Handlowy (Citibank) (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank Millennium (BC Portugues) (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank Ochrony Środowiska SA (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank Pekao (UniCredit) (Commercial Bank)
  •   Bank Pocztowy SA (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank Polska Kasa Opieki SA (Commercial Bank)
  •   Bank Zachodni WBK (Santander) (Commercial Bank)
  •   Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ (Polska) S.A.  (Commercial Bank)
  • Credit Agricole Bank Polska S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • DZ BANK Polska SA (Commercial Bank)
  • Deutsche Bank Polska SA (Commercial Bank)
  • EUROCLEAR Bank SA/NV (Spółka Akcyjna) – Oddział w Polsce  (Commercial Bank)
  • Euro Bank S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • FCA-Group Bank Polska S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • Getin Noble Bank S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • HSBC Bank Polska SA (Commercial Bank)
  • ING Bank Śląski S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • Idea Bank S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • J.P. Morgan Europe Limited Sp. z o.o. Oddział w Polsce  (Commercial Bank)
  • Mercedes-Benz Bank Polska S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • Nest Bank S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • PKO Bank Hipoteczny S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • PKO Bank Polski (Commercial Bank)
  • PLUS BANK SA (Commercial Bank)
  • RBS Bank (Polska) SA (Commercial Bank)
  • RCI Banque Spółka Akcyjna Oddział w Polsce  (Commercial Bank)
  • Raiffeisen Polbank (Commercial Bank)
  • SGB-Bank S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • Santander Consumer Bank S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • TF BANK AB (Commercial Bank)
  • Toyota Bank Polska S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • UBS Limited (Commercial Bank)
  • VOLKSWAGEN BANK POLSKA S.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • mBank (Commerzbank) (Commercial Bank)
  • AS Inbank Spółka Akcyjna – Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Aareal Bank AG S.A. – Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • BNP PARIBAS SA Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • BNP Paribas Securities Services SKA Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Bank of China (Luxembourg) S.A. Spółka Akcyjna Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Banque PSA Finance SA Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • China Construction Bank (Europe) S.A. (Spółka Akcyjna) Oddział w Polsce  (Foreign Bank)
  • Citibank Europe plc (Publiczna Spółka Akcyjna) Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Cofidis S.A. (Spółka Akcyjna) Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Danske Bank A/S S.A. Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • FCE Bank S.A. Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • HAITONG BANK (Foreign Bank)
  • Ikano Bank AB (publ) Spółka Akcyjna Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Industrial and Commercial Bank of China  (Foreign Bank)
  • Intesa Sanpaolo S.p.a. Spółka Akcyjna Oddział W Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • John Deere Bank S.A. Spółka Akcyjna Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  •   MUFG Bank (Europe) NV S.A. Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Nordea Bank AB S.A. Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Nykredit Realkredit A/S S.A. – Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB (S.A.) – Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Societe Generale SA Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)
  • Svenska Handelsbanken AB S.A. Oddział w Polsce (Foreign Bank)

Aadmi can support you with your expansion to Poland. Our team of experts in country manage every aspect of your expansion from incorporation, accounting, legal, and even administrative concerns.  Matched with Global People Strategist’s powerful labor compliance software, your company is in good hands.

Contact us today for more information about how your company can benefit from using Aadmi as your global expansion partner.



“The world is a global village” is a phrase that aptly describes the deep connections that exist between us all today. Trade moves freely around the world. Labor as well enjoys mobility like never before. Supply chains span the globe, allowing everyone to participate in the world economy, both as producers and consumers.

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The Czech Republic is a prosperous country of 10.6 million people, located in Central Europe between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. It has one the highest GDP growth rates and lowest unemployment rates in the European Union, in spite of a relatively high dependence on exports resulting in susceptibility to volatility in demand. Czech Republic’s GDP was $215.73 billion in 2017, mostly from automobiles exports making up almost 80% of the total.

The country’s cultural groups include Czech (64.3%), Moravian (5%), and Slovak (1.4%) with Roman Catholicism as the primary religion. The Czech people enjoy socializing in neighborhood pubs, drinking their world famous Czech beer, connecting with family and friends. January 1st, 1993 is celebrated as the day of the founding of the Czech Republic, as separate from the former country of Czechoslovakia.

April 2Good Friday
April 5Easter Monday
May 1Labor Day / May Day
May 8Victory in Europe Day
July 5Day of Saints Cyril and Methodius
July 6Jan Hus Day
September 28St. Wenceslas Day
October 28Independent Czechoslovak State Day
November 17Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day
December 24Christmas Eve
December 25Christmas Day
December 26St. Stephen’s Day
  • a.s., akc. spol. (Akciová společnost)
  • s.r.o., spol. s r.o. (Společnost s ručením omezeným)
  • v.o.s., veř. obch. spol., a. spol. (veřejná obchodní společnost)hip
  • k.s., kom. spol. (komanditní společnost)
  • o.p.s. (obecně prospěšná společnost)
  • živnost
  • s.p. (státní podnik)
  • příspěvková organizace
  • z.s. (zapsaný spolek)
  • Corporate Tax: 19%
  • Income Tax (Lowest Marginal Rate): 20.1% (15% deductible tax + 45% medicare and social security if an employee, 22.5% if self-employed)
  • Income Tax (Highest Marginal Rate): 45.7% (peaks for employee real raw year income $90,000)
    39% (for real raw year income of $450,000)
  • VAT/GST/Sales Tax: 21% (standard rate), 15% or 10% (reduced rates)
  • Air Bank (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Banka Creditas (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Česká exportní banka (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Česká spořitelna (Commercial Bank)
  • Českomoravská stavební spořitelna (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Českomoravská záruční a rozvojová banka (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Československá obchodní banka (Commercial Bank)
  • Equa bank (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Expobank CZ (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Fio banka (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Hypoteční banka (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • J&T Banka (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Komerční banka (Commercial Bank)
  • Moneta Money Bank (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Modrá pyramida stavební spořitelna (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • PPF banka (Commercial Bank)
  • Raiffeisen stavební spořitelna (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Raiffeisenbank (Czech Republic) (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Sberbank CZ (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Stavební spořitelna České spořitelny (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • UniCredit Bank Czech Republic and Slovakia (Commercial Bank)
  • Wüstenrot – stavební spořitelna (cs) (Commercial Bank)
  • Wüstenrot hypoteční banka (Commercial Bank)
  • BNP Paribas Fortis (Foreign Bank)
  • BNP Paribas Personal Finance (Foreign Bank)
  • Bank Gutmann (Foreign Bank)
  • Bank of China (Hungary) (Foreign Bank)
  • Commerzbank (Foreign Bank)
  • Citibank Europe (Foreign Bank)
  • Deutsche Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • HSBC Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • ING Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • mBank (Foreign Bank)
  • MUFG Bank (Europe) (Foreign Bank)
  • Oberbank (de) (Foreign Bank)
  • Powszechna Kasa Oszczędności Bank Polski (Foreign Bank)
  • Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich (de) (Foreign Bank)
  • Poštová banka (Foreign Bank)
  • Raiffeisenbank im Stiftland (Foreign Bank)
  • Saxo Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation Europe (Foreign Bank)
  • Všeobecná úverová banka (Foreign Bank)
  • Waldviertler Sparkasse (de) (Foreign Bank)
  • Western Union International Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • ZUNO Bank AG (Foreign Bank)

Aadmi can support you with your expansion to Czech Republic. Our team of experts in country manage every aspect of your expansion from incorporation, accounting, legal, and even administrative concerns.  Matched with Global People Strategist’s powerful labor compliance software, your company is in good hands.

Contact us today for more information about how your company can benefit from using Aadmi as your global expansion partner.

Belarus History, Economy, and More

A former Soviet republic, Belarus used to also be known by its Russian names of Byelorussia or Belorussia. Its capital and most populous city is Minsk. Since a referendum in 1995, the country has had two official languages: Belarusian and Russian. Although it doesn’t have an official religion, the majority of its population considers themselves Eastern Orthodox Christian.

Belarus is a landlocked country whose natural resources include peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomite (limestone), marl, chalk, sand, gravel, and clay. About 70% of the radiation from neighboring Ukraine’s 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster entered Belarusian territory, and about a fifth of Belarusian land (principally farmland and forests in the southeastern regions) was affected by radiation fallout.

Belarus has four UNESCO-designated World Heritage Sites: the Mir Castle Complex, the Nesvizh Castle, the Belovezhskaya Pushcha (shared with Poland), and the Struve Geodetic Arc (shared with nine other countries).

May 1Labour Day
May 9Victory Day
May 10Public Holiday
May 11Radonitsa
July 3Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus
November 7October Revolution Day
December 25Catholic Christmas Day
  • Адкрытае акцыянернае таварыства, ААТ
  • Закрытае акцыянернае таварыства, ЗАТ
  • Індывідуальны прадпрымальнік
  • Прыватнае унітарнае прадпрыемства, ПУП
  • Таварыства з абмежаванай адказнасцю, ТАА
  • Corporate Tax: 18%
  • Income Tax (Lowest Marginal Rate): 13%
  • Income Tax (Highest Marginal Rate): 17%
  • VAT/GST/Sales Tax: 20% (standard rate), 10% (reduced rate)
  • Eurobank (Belarus) (Commercial Bank)
  • Belpromstroibank (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank Moscow–Minsk (Commercial Bank)
  • Belarussian bank of development and reconstruction (Belinvestbank) (Commercial Bank)
  • Belvnesheconombank (Commercial Bank)
  • Paritetbank (Commercial Bank)
  • Belarussian Industrial Bank (Commercial Bank)
  • Belagroprombank (Commercial Bank)
  • Bank of Reconversion and Development (RDB–Bank) (Commercial Bank)
  • Trustbank (Commercial Bank)
  • TECHNOBANK (Commercial Bank)
  • Golden Taler Bank (GT–Bank) (Commercial Bank)
  • Priorbank (Commercial Bank)
  • VTB Bank (Belarus) (Commercial Bank)
  • Absolutbank (Commercial Bank)
  • Delta Bank (Commercial Bank)
  • Credexbank (Commercial Bank)
  • Belarusky narodny bank (Commercial Bank)
  • Home Credit Bank (HCBank) (Commercial Bank)
  • ASTANAEXIMBANK (Commercial Bank)
  • Belarusbank (Commercial Bank)
  • BELROSBANK (Commercial Bank)
  • SOMBelBank (Commercial Bank)
  • Minsk Transit Bank (Commercial Bank)
  • International reserve bank (Foreign Bank)
  • Belorussian–Russian Belgazprombank (Foreign Bank)
  • Byelorussian–Swiss Bank (BelSwissBank) (Foreign Bank)
  • International Trade and Investment Bank (ITI–Bank) (Foreign Bank)

Aadmi can support you with your expansion to Belarus. Our team of experts in country manage every aspect of your expansion from incorporation, accounting, legal, and even administrative concerns.  Matched with Global People Strategist’s powerful labor compliance software, your company is in good hands.

Contact us today for more information about how your company can benefit from using Aadmi as your global expansion partner.

Drug Testing Abroad

Employee Drug Screening has been commonplace for many employers for the last few decades. However, when you require service outside of your home country’s borders, it’s often difficult to figure out what testing is available, legal, and accessible for your international employees. 

What type of international drug testing is available?

We offer international drug testing solutions in over 80 countries to ensure your drug testing program’s consistency. We work with top-rated SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) labs and certified collection sites in over 80 countries. Tests are conducted as either 5 or 10-panel tests, according to your organization’s internal requirements.

5 Panel Testing Includes:

  • THC (Marijuana)
  • Cocaine
  • Opiates
  • Amphetamines
  • Phencyclidine

10 Panel Testing Includes the 5 Panel Testing items, plus:

  • Methadone
  • Propoxyphene
  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Methaqualone

Where do we provide drug testing services and support?

Countries we currently operate drug testing services include:

AfghanistanEnglandMarshall IslandsThailand
ArgentinaEquatorial GuineaMexicoThe Netherlands
ArubaEgyptNew ZealandTrinidad and Tobago
AustriaFranceOmanU.S. Virgin Islands
BahamasGermanyPakistanUnited Arab Emirates
BoliviaHong KongPhilippines
CanadaIndonesiaPuerto Rico
Costa RicaJamaicaSlovenia
DenmarkJapanSouth Africa
DjiboutiKenyaSouth Korea
Dominican RepublicKuwaitSpain
EcuadorLebanonSt. Kitts
El SalvadorMalaysiaSweden


When is it appropriate to request a drug screen for my international employee?

It is vital to understand the local regulations concerning drug screening before requesting your employee or new hire to participate in testing.

Our team will provide you with the guidance necessary to compliantly request testing based on the jurisdiction requested. As these laws are highly inconsistent across borders, we give you the tools necessary to proceed compliantly and confidently in this process.

Examples of international drug testing policies:

  • Drug testing in France is legal for companies to test active employees. However, an employer may not test a prospective employee until their employment contract has started. Occupational Medicine centers test employees and do not disclose the results merely if the employee is fit to be employed based on the job requirements.
  • In Germany, an employer can request a candidate complete a drug screen before obtaining a signature on the employment contract. Like France, employers are not privy to seeing the individual’s results, only whether the employee may proceed with employment per the organization’s drug policies. 
  • Swedish employers are permitted to request drug testing for both employees and candidates for employment before contract signature. Employees must be notified well in advance. There must be a legitimate business reason to request the testing, such as the employee working in construction or security where there could be significant risks if drugs were used on the job. Screening must also be consistent to avoid any potential discrimination. 

How do I request a quote for the drug screens I’d like to have conducted?

Ready to get started? Send us an email – checks@aadmi.com. Here’s what we’ll need from you:

  1. The country where you would like the check conducted
  2. Checks that you are interested in conducting – 5 panel or 10-panel drug screening
  3. First and Last Name of individual
  4. Email Address of individual

Read additional information on drug screening and labor laws here.

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