Italy is famous for many brands across a wide range of industries, and despite its reputation for red tape, bureaucracy, corruption, a rigid labor market, it remains an attractive destination for many entrepreneurs.

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Italy is a European country on the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea and is home to Vatican City, the seat of the Roman Catholic Church. It has a population of more than 60 million people. The vibrant city of Florence is best known for being the epicenter of the Renaissance, which led to the creation of masterpieces such as Michelangelo’s David.

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Italy Culture, History, and Politics

Italy, a country with a long Mediterranean coastline, has a population of more than 60 million with a rich, historical, and globally popular culture in arts, architecture, food, and music. Its major tourist attractions include cities such as Rome, Venice, and Florence, which are amongst the oldest cities in the world. It is home to popular landmarks such as the Vatican and various architectural sites such as the Coliseum, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, and the Basilica. The political climate of the country is currently a little tense given the existence of a caretaker government as Italians await new elections. A power struggle between the populist coalition which won the March elections and the pro-EU politicians has resulted in a standoff with the government, with Italy’s president rejecting the populist choice for finance minister.

April 5Easter Monday
April 25Liberation Day
May 1Labor Day / May Day
June 2Republic Day
August 15Assumption of Mary
November 1All Saints’ Day
December 8Feast of the Immaculate Conception
December 25Christmas Day
December 26St. Stephen’s Day
  • Artigiano (Artisan)
  • Lavoratore autonomo (Independent worker)
  • Libero professionista (Professional)
  • Imprenditore
  • S.s. (Società semplice)
  • S.n.c. (Società in nome collettivo)
  • S.a.s. (Società in accomandita semplice)
  • S.p.a. (Società per azioni)
  • S.a.p.a. (Società in accomandita per azioni)
  • S.c.p.a. (Società consortile per azioni)
  • S.c.a.r.l. (Società consortile a responsabilità limitata)
  • S.r.l. (Società a responsabilità limitata)
  • S.c.r.l. (Società cooperativa a responsabilità limitata)
  • Corporate Tax: 27.9% (24% + 3.9% (municipal))
  • Income Tax (Lowest Marginal Rate): from 23% (first €8,500 per year is deductible) to 43%
  • Income Tax (Highest Marginal Rate): 47% (43% income tax + 4% special added tax)
  • VAT/GST/Sales Tax: 22% (standard rate), 10% (reduced rate), 4% (food and books)
  • Banca Antoniana Popolare Veneta (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Cassa di Risparmio di Tortona (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Commerciale Italiana (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca di Bologna (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca di Credito Cooperativo di Brescia (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca di Credito di Trieste (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca di Roma (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Passadore & C. (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Popolare Asolo e Montebelluna (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Popolare dell’Emilia Romagna (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Popolare di Bergamo – Credito Varesino (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Popolare (Commercial Bank)
  • Banca Sella (Commercial Bank)
  • Banco Ambrosiano Veneto (Commercial Bank)
  • Banco di Napoli (Commercial Bank)
  • Banco di Sicilia (Commercial Bank)
  • BNP Paribas (Commercial Bank)
  • Cariplo S.p.A. (Commercial Bank)
  • CariPrato (Commercial Bank)
  • Cariri (Commercial Bank)
  • CaRiSpo (Commercial Bank)
  • Cassa di Risparmio di Torino – Banca CRT (Commercial Bank)
  • Cassa di Risparmio di Udine e Pordenone (CRUP) (Commercial Bank)
  • Cassa Rurale ed Artigiana di Cantu (Commercial Bank)
  • Credito Bergamasco (Commercial Bank)
  • Findomestic Banca (Commercial Bank)
  • Fondo Interbancario di Tutela dei Depositi (FITD) (Commercial Bank)
  • Intesa Sanpaolo (Commercial Bank)
  • Mediocredito Centrale (Commercial Bank)
  • Monte dei Paschi di Siena (Commercial Bank)
  • UniCredit (Commercial Bank)
  • Aareal Bank Ag (Foreign Bank)
  • Abc International Bank Plc Milan (Foreign Bank)
  • Akf Bank Gmbh & Co Kg (Foreign Bank)
  • Alpenbank AG (Foreign Bank)
  • Attijariwafa Bank Europe Italian Secondary Office (Foreign Bank)
  • Banca Farmafactoring Spa (Foreign Bank)
  • Banca Transilvania SA (Foreign Bank)
  • Banca Ubae SpA (Foreign Bank)
  • Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria SA (BBVA) (Foreign Bank)
  • Banco Do Brasil SA – Brasilia (Foreign Bank)
  • Bank Of America National Association (Foreign Bank)
  • Bank Of China Limited – Milan Branch (Foreign Bank)
  • Bank Of The Philippine Islands (Europe) Plc (Foreign Bank)
  • Bank Sepah (Foreign Bank)
  • Banque Populaire Cote D’Azur  (Foreign Bank)
  • Banque Psa Finance (Foreign Bank)
  • Barclays Bank Plc (Foreign Bank)
  • Bayerische Landesbank (Foreign Bank)
  • Bhw Bausparkasse Ag (Foreign Bank)
  • Binckbank NV (Foreign Bank)
  • Bmw Bank Gmbh (Foreign Bank)
  • Bnp Paribas Lease Group Sa (Foreign Bank)
  • Bnp Paribas Securities Services (Foreign Bank)
  • Bnp Paribas Succursale Italia (Foreign Bank)
  • Bsi Europe SA (Foreign Bank)
  • Carrefour Banque (Foreign Bank)
  • Citibank International Plc (Foreign Bank)
  • Citibank NA (Foreign Bank)
  • Commerzbank Ag (Foreign Bank)
  • Credit Agricole Corporate & Investment Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • Credit Suisse (Italy) SpA (Foreign Bank)
  • Credit Suisse Ag (Foreign Bank)
  • Depfa Bank Public Limited Company (Foreign Bank)
  • Europe Arab Bank Plc – Milan Branch (Foreign Bank)
  • Fce Bank Plc (Foreign Bank)
  • Hsbc Bank Plc (Foreign Bank)
  • Hypo Alpe-Adria-Bank SpA (Foreign Bank)
  • Hypothekenbank Frankfurt Ag (Foreign Bank)
  • Industrial And Commercial Bank Of China (Europe) S.A. (Foreign Bank)
  • Ing Bank N.V (Foreign Bank)
  • Ing Direct N.V. (Foreign Bank)
  • J.P. Morgan Securities Plc (Foreign Bank)
  • Jpmorgan Chase Bank, National Association (Foreign Bank)
  • La Compagnie Financiere Edmond De Rothschild Banque (Foreign Bank)
  • Merrill Lynch International Bank Limited – Milan Branch (Foreign Bank)
  • Morgan Stanley Bank International Limited – Milan Branch (Foreign Bank)
  • Natixis S.A. (Foreign Bank)
  • Nova Ljubljanska Banka D.D., Ljubljana (Foreign Bank)
  • Portigon Ag (Foreign Bank)
  • Societè Generale (Foreign Bank)
  • Standard Chartered Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • The Bank Of Tokyo – Mitsubishi Ufj, Ltd. (Foreign Bank)
  • The Royal Bank Of Scotland Plc (Foreign Bank)
  • Unicredit Bank Ag (Foreign Bank)
  • Union Bancaire Privee (Europe) S.A. (Foreign Bank)
  • Volkswagen Bank Gmbh (Foreign Bank)

Aadmi can support you with your expansion to Italy. Our team of experts in country manage every aspect of your expansion from incorporation, accounting, legal, and even administrative concerns.  Matched with Global People Strategist’s powerful labor compliance software, your company is in good hands.

Contact us today for more information about how your company can benefit from using Aadmi as your global expansion partner.

France is located in western Europe, bordering the English channel to the north-west, the North Sea to the north, the nations of Monaco, Spain, Andorra and the Mediterranean sea to its South, Belgium and Luxembourg on the northeast, and Germany, Switzerland, and Italy directly to the east. The country also has a long colonial past with many regions and countries under its purview for centuries. After the French Revolution of the 18th century, France pioneered in democracy. It now has a presidential democracy and is among the strongest nations in Europe and key in the sustainability of the European Union.

Modern French people are Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, North African, Asian, Slavic, and Islamic minorities. France has welcomed refugees from countries ranging from the Czech Republic to Cambodia. It has a 99 percent literacy rate, and 90 percent of the French people are Roman Catholics. Major industries in France are telecommunication, agriculture, tourism, machinery, steel, and chemicals. The official language is French.

April 5Easter Monday
May 1Labor Day / May Day
May 8WWII Victory Day
May 13Ascension Day
May 24Whit Monday
July 14Bastille Day
August 15Assumption of Mary
November 1All Saints’ Day
November 11Armistice Day
December 25Christmas Day
  • Micro-entreprise
  • Auto-entrepreneur
  • Profession libérale
    Sociétés d’exercice libéral [fr]: the incorporated equivalent of the latter, sole shareholder limited liability being key
  • FCP (Fonds commun de placement)
  • Société d’investissement à capital fixe
  • SICAV (Société d’investissement à capital variable)
  • GIE (Groupement d’intérêt économique)
  • Association non-déclarée
  • Association déclarée
  • SEP (Société en participation)
  • SNC (Société en nom collectif)
  • SCS (Société en commandite simple)
  • SCA (Société en commandite par actions)
  • SCI (Société Civile Immobilière)
  • SARL, SàRL (Société à responsabilité limitée)
  • EURL (Entreprise unipersonnelle à responsabilité limitée)
  • SA (Société anonyme)
  • SCOP (Société coopérative de production)
  • SEM (Société d’économie mixte)
  • SAS (Société par actions simplifiée)
  • SASU (U- unipersonnelle)
  • Corporate Tax: 26.5% (on profits over €38,120), 15% (not over €38,120)
  • Income Tax (Lowest Marginal Rate): 0%
  • Income Tax (Highest Marginal Rate): 45% (+ 4% tax on high incomes, or incomes over €500,000)
  • VAT/GST/Sales Tax: 20% (standard rate), 10% (restaurants, transportation and tourism services), 5.5% (utilities), 2.1% (press)
  • Credit Agricole (Local Bank)
  • Crédit du Nord (Local Bank)
  • Caisse d’Epargne (Local Bank)
  • Dexia Credit Local de France (Commercial Bank)
  • BNP Paribas (State Bank)
  • Credit Agricole (State Bank)
  • Societe Generale (State Bank)
  • CIC (State Bank)
  • Caisse D’Epargne (State Bank)
  • Banque Populaire (State Bank)
  • Credit Mutuel (State Bank)
  • La Banque Postale (State Bank)
  • LCL (State Bank)
  • Credit Lyonnais (LCL) Bank (State Bank)
  • Axa Banque (Foreign Bank)
  • Barclays France (Foreign Bank)
  • Deutsche Bank France (Foreign Bank)
  • HSBC France (Foreign Bank)
  • JP Morgan France (Foreign Bank)
  • Citibank (Foreign Bank)
  • Natixis Bank (Foreign Bank)
  • Banque Martin Maurel (Private Bank)
  • Crédit Mutuel (Private Bank)
  • Societe Generale  (Private Bank)
  • Banque Transatlantique (Private Bank)

Aadmi can support you with your expansion to France. Our team of experts in country manage every aspect of your expansion from incorporation, accounting, legal, and even administrative concerns.  Matched with Global People Strategist’s powerful labor compliance software, your company is in good hands.

Contact us today for more information about how your company can benefit from using Aadmi as your global expansion partner.

Eritrea Geography Culture, and History

After winning independence from Ethiopia in 1993, Eritrea established itself as a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Sudan and Ethiopia. It has several ethnic groups with the Tigrinya making up a majority of the population, and the Tigre the next highest. There are three official languages, namely Tigrinya, Arabic, and English, and its capital is Asmara.

As a highly militarized society, Eritrea requires mandatory military service with long conscriptions of undefined duration. Its modern history was as a colony of the Kingdom of Italy where it merged with Italian Somaliland and Ethiopia under the rule of Benito Mussolini in the early 20th century.

Its climate includes hot, coastal plains as well as sub-tropical rainforests. Its wildlife includes lions, leopards, elephants and crocodiles. One of its most recognized cultural attractions is the coffee ceremony where the beverage is offered in three brews or phases: the first brew is called awel, or ‘first’; the second is called kalaay or ‘second’; and the third is called bereka, which means ‘to be blessed’.

March 8Women’s Day
April 2Good Friday
April 4Easter Sunday
May 1International Workers’ Day
May 13Eid al-Fitr
May 24Independence Day
June 20Martyrs’ Day
July 20Eid al-Adha
September 1Commencement Day of Eritrean Armed Struggle
September 27Meskel
October 19The Prophet’s Birthday
December 25Christmas Day
  • Limited Liability
  • Corporation
  • Partnership
  • Corporate Tax: N/A
  • Income Tax (Lowest Marginal Rate): N/A
  • Income Tax (Highest Marginal Rate): N/A
  • VAT/GST/Sales Tax: N/A
  • Bank of Eritrea
  • Commercial Bank of Eritrea
  • Eritrean Investment and Development Bank
  • Housing and Commerce Bank

Aadmi can support you with your expansion to Eritrea. Our team of experts in country manage every aspect of your expansion from incorporation, accounting, legal, and even administrative concerns.  Matched with Global People Strategist’s powerful labor compliance software, your company is in good hands.

Contact us today for more information about how your company can benefit from using Aadmi as your global expansion partner.

Drug Testing Abroad

Employee Drug Screening has been commonplace for many employers for the last few decades. However, when you require service outside of your home country’s borders, it’s often difficult to figure out what testing is available, legal, and accessible for your international employees. 

What type of international drug testing is available?

We offer international drug testing solutions in over 80 countries to ensure your drug testing program’s consistency. We work with top-rated SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) labs and certified collection sites in over 80 countries. Tests are conducted as either 5 or 10-panel tests, according to your organization’s internal requirements.

5 Panel Testing Includes:

  • THC (Marijuana)
  • Cocaine
  • Opiates
  • Amphetamines
  • Phencyclidine

10 Panel Testing Includes the 5 Panel Testing items, plus:

  • Methadone
  • Propoxyphene
  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Methaqualone

Where do we provide drug testing services and support?

Countries we currently operate drug testing services include:

AfghanistanEnglandMarshall IslandsThailand
ArgentinaEquatorial GuineaMexicoThe Netherlands
ArubaEgyptNew ZealandTrinidad and Tobago
AustriaFranceOmanU.S. Virgin Islands
BahamasGermanyPakistanUnited Arab Emirates
BoliviaHong KongPhilippines
CanadaIndonesiaPuerto Rico
Costa RicaJamaicaSlovenia
DenmarkJapanSouth Africa
DjiboutiKenyaSouth Korea
Dominican RepublicKuwaitSpain
EcuadorLebanonSt. Kitts
El SalvadorMalaysiaSweden


When is it appropriate to request a drug screen for my international employee?

It is vital to understand the local regulations concerning drug screening before requesting your employee or new hire to participate in testing.

Our team will provide you with the guidance necessary to compliantly request testing based on the jurisdiction requested. As these laws are highly inconsistent across borders, we give you the tools necessary to proceed compliantly and confidently in this process.

Examples of international drug testing policies:

  • Drug testing in France is legal for companies to test active employees. However, an employer may not test a prospective employee until their employment contract has started. Occupational Medicine centers test employees and do not disclose the results merely if the employee is fit to be employed based on the job requirements.
  • In Germany, an employer can request a candidate complete a drug screen before obtaining a signature on the employment contract. Like France, employers are not privy to seeing the individual’s results, only whether the employee may proceed with employment per the organization’s drug policies. 
  • Swedish employers are permitted to request drug testing for both employees and candidates for employment before contract signature. Employees must be notified well in advance. There must be a legitimate business reason to request the testing, such as the employee working in construction or security where there could be significant risks if drugs were used on the job. Screening must also be consistent to avoid any potential discrimination. 

How do I request a quote for the drug screens I’d like to have conducted?

Ready to get started? Send us an email – Here’s what we’ll need from you:

  1. The country where you would like the check conducted
  2. Checks that you are interested in conducting – 5 panel or 10-panel drug screening
  3. First and Last Name of individual
  4. Email Address of individual

Read additional information on drug screening and labor laws here.